Capital Income

Market Commentary

Period ended March 31, 2019


The Hotchkis & Wiley Capital Income portfolio invests in both value equity securities and high yielding fixed income securities with an emphasis on income generation.  The long-term allocation target between value equities and high yielding fixed income securities is 50/50.  The portfolio has two benchmarks, the S&P 500 Index (“the equity benchmark”) and the ICE BofAML US Corporate, Government & Mortgage Index (“the fixed income benchmark”).  These benchmarks are averaged, using the portfolio’s long-term allocation targets, to produce a “50/50 blended benchmark” to help assess performance. 


After falling -13.5% and -4.7% in 4Q 2018, the S&P 500 and ICE BofAML US High Yield Indices returned +13.7% and +7.4% in the first quarter of 2019, respectively.  The swift decline and equally rapid recovery were both triggered by changes in investor sentiment as opposed to changes in underlying economic or business fundamentals.  Investor concerns emerged late in 2018 regarding trade tensions and a hawkish Fed; this combination created fears of impending global economic recession.  These concerns appeared to fade during the first quarter of 2019 due to positive progress on US/China trade talks and dovish comments from the Federal Reserve. Throughout this period we have witnessed a significant decline in longer maturity Treasury yields and a flattening of the yield curve.  After reaching 3.2% in late 2018, the 10-year note yield fell below 2.4% in March, its lowest level in more than a year despite the Fed’s four 2018 rate hikes.  In response to these changes, all S&P 500 sectors were positive in the first quarter, with the best returning +20% (technology) and the worst returning +7% (healthcare).  The S&P 500’s forward P/E ratio increased from 15.4x at the end of 2018 to 17.1x at the end of the first quarter.  The index’s median valuation over the past ~30 years is 16.4x; while it is now slightly above median, it is considerably lower than the 20x level where it began 2018. 

While the overall equity market appears fairly valued, we find solace in the large valuation disparity between certain segments of the market—some are attractively valued, some richly valued.  The S&P Banks Industry Group trades at 9.9x forward earnings.  The median multiple for banks over the last 30 years is 12.0x, so the group currently trades at about 80% of its historical average.  Considering that banks’ balance sheets are as strong as they have been in decades, and nearly 80% of earnings are being returned to shareholders via dividends and share repurchases, we view banks’ risk/reward tradeoff as especially compelling.  Conversely, the S&P Utilities Industry Group trades at 18.8x forward earnings, or double the valuation of banks.  The median multiple for utilities over the last 30 years is 14.4x, so the group currently trades at about 130% of its historical average.  Opposite of banks, utilities have added financial leverage, increasing net debt to EBITDA by 50% over the past decade from 3.4x to 5.1x.  Utilities can support higher debt levels than most other businesses, but paying high multiples for slow growing businesses with increased leverage is not an attractive proposition in our view.  Recognizing the considerable valuation dispersion across sectors, the portfolio exhibits larger sector deviations from the benchmark, including a large equity overweight in financials and no exposure to utilities.   

This was its best calendar quarter for the high yield market since immediately following the great recession’s low point when the index returned +23% and +15% in back-to-back quarters (2Q and 3Q of 2009, respectively).  During the first quarter of 2019, high yield credits outperformed investment grade credits.  Within high yield, performance dispersion was wide when assessing the market by either credit size or by sector, though it was relatively narrow when contrasting by credit rating.  Large cap credits outperformed small cap credits by about 1.4% in the quarter, a considerable margin and a headwind for our focus on small and mid cap credits.  All sectors were positive, with energy, retail, and financial services each returning more than 8%.  Transportation, autos, and telecom lagged, returning +3.2%, +5.5%, and +5.9%, respectively.  CCC rated bonds narrowly outperformed the overall market, while BB and B rated bonds performed similarly. 

The overall high yield market remains quite healthy and well-behaved, with low defaults, low leverage, and robust revenue and earnings growth.  This condition, however, is reflected in valuations.  Our focus on small and mid cap credits facilitates a considerable spread advantage relative to our benchmarks, and in our view, without assuming disproportionate credit risk.  As a result, we are optimistic regarding the portfolio’s prospects relative to the market as we look forward. 

Both the high yield and equity markets are close to fairly valued, but both also provide opportunities for active managers.  We view the ability to invest across companies of all sizes and across the capital structure as a considerable advantage in such environments.  We have identified interesting opportunities across both spectrums and are optimistic about the portfolio’s prospects as we look forward.   


The Hotchkis & Wiley Capital Income portfolio (gross and net of management fees) outperformed the 50/50 blended benchmark in the first quarter of 2019.  The average equity weight was 56% and the average high yield bond weight was 44% over the course of the quarter.  The equity overweight helped as equities outperformed bonds.

The equity portion of the portfolio underperformed the S&P 500 Index during the quarter.  Growth outperformed value by more than 4 percentage points, so the value equity portion of the portfolio nearly matching the broad benchmark is an acceptable outcome given the headwind.  Positive stock selection in energy, along with the underweight position in healthcare and overweight position in industrials helped relative performance.  Stock selection in communication services, technology, and industrials detracted from performance, along with the overweight position in financials.  The largest individual detractors to relative performance were Royal Mail, Societe Generale, Vodafone, Danieli, and GEO Group; the largest positive contributors were Seritage Growth Properties, General Electric, Ophir Energy, Kosmos Energy, and Office Depot. 

The high yield bond portion of the portfolio outperformed the ICE BofAML US Corporate, Government & Mortgage Index and underperformed the ICE BofAML US High Yield Index.  Relative to the high yield benchmark, credit selection in energy, basic industry, and consumer goods hurt relative performance.  The preference for small and mid cap credits was also a headwind as large cap credits outperformed.  Positive credit selection in healthcare and an underweight allocation to telecommunications helped relative performance. 

Unless otherwise noted, the "high yield" or "broad" market refers to the ICE BofAML US High Yield Index. 

Composite performance for the strategy is located on the Performance tab. Returns discussed can differ from actual portfolio returns due to intraday trades, cash flows, corporate actions, accrued/miscellaneous income, and trade price and closing price difference of any given security. Portfolio characteristics and attribution based on representative Capital Income portfolio. Certain client portfolio(s) may or may not hold the securities discussed due to each account’s guideline restrictions, cash flow, tax and other relevant considerations. Fixed Income performance attribution is an analysis of the portfolio's return relative to the ICE BofAML US High Yield Index and is calculated using trade information, does not reflect cash flow transactions and the payment of transaction costs, fees and expenses. Equity performance attribution is an analysis of the portfolio's return relative to a selected benchmark, is calculated using daily holding information and does not reflect management fees and other transaction costs and expenses.  Specific securities identified are the largest contributors (or detractors) to the portfolio’s performance relative to the S&P 500 Index. Other securities may have been the best and worst performers on an absolute basis. Securities identified do not represent all of the securities purchased or sold for advisory clients, and are not indicative of current or future holdings or trading activity.  H&W has no obligation to disclose purchases or sales of the securities.  No assurance is made that any securities identified, or all investment decisions by H&W were or will be profitable. The Capital Income strategy may prevent or limit investments in major bonds or stocks in the S&P 500, Russell 1000 Value, ICE BofAML US Corporate, Government & Mortgage and ICE BofAML US High Yield indices and returns may not be correlated to the indexes. Indices provided as benchmarks are for reference only and are not directly comparable to the Capital Income strategy’s performance.  Quarterly characteristics and portfolio holdings are available on the Characteristics and Literature tabs. For a list showing every holding’s contribution to the overall account’s performance and portfolio activity for a given time period, please contact H&W at  Portfolio information is subject to the firm’s portfolio holdings disclosure policy.
The commentary is for information purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation of any particular security, strategy or investment product.  Portfolio managers’ opinions and data included in this commentary are as of March 31, 2019 and are subject to change without notice.  Any forecasts made cannot be guaranteed.  Information obtained from independent sources is considered reliable, but H&W cannot guarantee its accuracy or completeness. Certain information presented is based on proprietary or third-party estimates, which are subject to change and cannot be guaranteed. Equity securities may have greater risks and price volatility than US Treasuries and bonds, where the price of these securities may decline due to various company, industry and market factors. Investing in high yield securities is subject to certain risks, including market, credit, liquidity, issuer, interest-rate, inflation, and derivatives risks.  Lower-rated and non-rated securities involve greater risk than higher-rated securities.  High yield bonds and other asset classes have different risk-return profiles, which should be considered when investing.  Investing in value stocks presents the risk that value stocks may fall out of favor with investors and underperform growth stocks during a given period. All investments contain risk and may lose value.
Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

The ICE BofAML index data referenced is the property of ICE Data Indices, LLC (“ICE BofAML”) and/or its licensors and has been licensed for use by Hotchkis & Wiley. ICE BofAML and its licensors accept no liability in connection with its use. See Index definitions for full disclaimer.

Index definitions