Large Cap Diversified Value

Market Commentary

Period ended December 31, 2018
 

MARKET COMMENTARY

The S&P 500 Index was up more than +10% through the first nine months of the year before posting its worst calendar quarter in 7 years, falling -13.5% in Q4.  The end result was a -4.4% return for calendar year 2018.  Until the most recent quarter, robust corporate earnings growth had overcome political unrest across the globe. In the fourth quarter, however, ongoing trade tensions came to the forefront.  Markets began pricing in slowing economic growth in several major economies that are important trading partners with the US.   In contrast to this however, real GDP growth in the US was a healthy +3.4% in the most recent quarter and the unemployment rate remains below 4%.  Both the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank implemented and spoke of future restrictive monetary policy.  This appears to have added to equity investor apprehension.  The forward P/E ratio for the S&P 500 declined from 20.0x at the beginning of the year to 15.4x at the end of the year.  The index’s median P/E since 1990 is 16.4x, so it went from well above average to comfortably below average over the course of the year. 

Fears that slowing economic growth would weaken demand weighed heavily on oil prices.  WTI crude closed the year at $45/barrel, down 25% from the beginning of the year ($60) and more than 40% from its early October high ($76).  Commodity securities were among the worst-performers of the year, with the energy (-18%) and materials sectors (-15%) leading the decline.  Industrials and financials, also cyclical sectors, each declined -13% and lagged the market by a wide margin.  The non-cyclical healthcare and utilities sectors performed best, returning +6% and +4% during the year, respectively.  The performance dispersion and resulting valuation differentials among stocks that are economically sensitive compared to those that are not suggests the market has begun to price in a recession scenario.  Economic metrics do not yet verify a meaningful change from positive economic growth.  At present, while acknowledging the uncertain economic outlook, we view the valuation support of cyclical stocks as vastly superior to non-cyclicals.  This valuation discrepancy provides a margin of safety in the long run almost irrespective of near term economic growth.

To illustrate the stark contrast in valuation between sectors, consider banks relative to utilities.  Five years ago, S&P 500 banks traded at 12.5x consensus earnings while S&P 500 utilities traded at 15.5x.  Since then, bank earnings have grown 53% compared to 36% for utilities, but bank stocks have lagged utility stocks.  Utilities’ total return outpaced its earnings growth considerably, while banks’ total return lagged its earnings growth substantially.  As a result, bank P/Es compressed while utility P/Es expanded.  Today, S&P 500 banks trade at just 9.9x consensus earnings while S&P 500 utilities trade at 17.1x.  This translates into an earnings yield of more than 10% for banks and just 5.8% for utilities—a rich valuation for an industry with modest growth prospects. 

The valuation disparities among sectors has led to the portfolio’s largest sector deviations from the benchmark since the financial crisis.  Accordingly, the portfolio trades at a substantial valuation discount to the index, which makes us optimistic about its prospects irrespective of market direction or temperament.  The portfolio trades at 7.3x normal earnings compared to 13.1x for the Russell 1000 Value and 16.1x for the S&P 500.  The portfolio’s price-to-book ratio is 1.3x compared to 1.8x and 2.9x for the Russell 1000 Value and the S&P 500, respectively.    

ATTRIBUTION: 2018

The Hotchkis & Wiley Large Cap Diversified Value portfolio (gross and net of management fees) underperformed the Russell 1000 Value Index in 2018.  The portfolio’s valuation multiples are lower than that of the index, which hurt relative performance over the course of the year as value lagged growth.  For example, 61% of the portfolio was invested in stocks with a price-to-book ratio of less than 2x compared to about 41% for the Russell 1000 Value.  This overweight, and corresponding underweight to more richly-valued securities, caused about 60% of the underperformance in the year.  Stock selection in financials and consumer discretionary, along with the underweight position in healthcare also detracted from performance.  The overweight position and positive stock selection in technology, along with positive stock selection in consumer staples helped relative performance.  The largest detractors to relative performance were AIG, Adient, Apache, Vodafone, and Citigroup; the largest positive contributors were Ericsson, Microsoft, Discovery, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, and GlaxoSmithKline. 

LARGEST NEW PURCHASES: 2018

AXA Equitable Holdings is a large domestic life insurance company that underwrites and distributes annuities, retirement products, life insurance, and asset management services. It owns a 65% economic interest in AllianceBernstein, a full service, global asset manager that serves both retail and institutional clients. As one of the largest sellers of variable annuities in the US, annuities account for more than 50% of the company’s earnings. AXA is well capitalized and is expected to return a significant amount of its earnings to shareholders. Further, the company trades at a very low level of normalized earnings, both on an absolute basis and relative to peers.

General Electric has leading positions in power turbines, jet engines, diesel locomotives, and diagnostic imaging systems.  The stock trades at an attractive valuation considering it has a high quality set of businesses with interesting future prospects.  Shares have underperformed due to disappointing earnings in its power business, weak corporate cash flow, and concerns about its balance sheet.  While the power business is earning returns below normal and it will face ongoing challenges in the near term, its earnings decline is more than reflected in its current share price.  The market also misses that GE has great market positions in its aviation, healthcare, and other businesses, with a dominant installed base to service and sell equipment.  Concerns about its balance sheet are overblown because the company has great assets well in excess of the company’s debt levels. 

Halliburton Company, headquartered in Houston, is the second largest global provider of oilfield services. The downturn in energy prices has reduced oilfield activity below sustainable levels, hurting its sales and profitability. As activity rebounds, the majority of Halliburton’s product lines should experience significant increases in volumes and pricing. The company is modestly under earning but we have a line of site to normalization that should be more rapid than for competitors given its strength in U.S.-centric completions businesses.alliburton, headquartered in Houston, is the second largest global provider of oilfield services. The downturn in energy prices has reduced oilfield activity below sustainable levels, hurting HAL’s sales and profitability. As activity rebounds, the majority of HAL’s product lines should experience significant increases in volumes and pricing. HAL is currently under-earning but should normalize more quickly than for competitors given HAL’s strength in U.S.-centric completions businesses.

Composite performance for the strategy is located on the Performance tab. Returns discussed can differ from actual portfolio returns due to intraday trades, cash flows, corporate actions, accrued/miscellaneous income, and trade price and closing price difference of any given security. Portfolio characteristics and attribution based on representative Large Cap Diversified Value portfolio. Certain client portfolio(s) may or may not hold the securities discussed due to each account’s guideline restrictions, cash flow, tax and other relevant considerations. Equity performance attribution is an analysis of the portfolio's return relative to a selected benchmark, is calculated using daily holding information and does not reflect management fees and other transaction costs and expenses.  Specific securities identified are the largest contributors (or detractors) to the portfolio’s performance relative to the Russell 1000 Value Index. Other securities may have been the best and worst performers on an absolute basis. The “Largest New Purchases” section includes the three largest new security positions during the year based on the security’s yedar-end weight adjusted for its relative return contribution; does not include any security received as a result of a corporate action; if fewer than three new security positions during the year, all new security positions are included.  Securities identified do not represent all of the securities purchased or sold for advisory clients, and are not indicative of current or future holdings or trading activity.  H&W has no obligation to disclose purchases or sales of the securities.  No assurance is made that any securities identified, or all investment decisions by H&W were or will be profitable. The value discipline used in managing accounts in the Large Cap Diversified Value strategy may prevent or limit investment in major stocks in the S&P 500 and Russell 1000 Value indices and returns may not be correlated to the indexes. Quarterly characteristics and portfolio holdings are available on the Characteristics and Literature tabs. For a list showing every holding’s contribution to the overall account’s performance and portfolio activity for a given time period, please contact H&W at hotchkisandwiley@hwcm.com.  Portfolio information is subject to the firm’s portfolio holdings disclosure policy.
 
Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
 

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